Publication Type: Conference Proceedings
Source: CEUR Workshop Proceedings ISSN 1613-0073, Volume 254 (2007)
Keywords: ambient information systems
; calm technology
; pervasive computing
; ubiquitous computing
; human computer interaction
The concept of calm technology, introduced by Mark Weiser, has led researchers from several disciplines to explore new and unconventional ways of conveying information. Some well-known examples of such novel information techniques include Ambient Devices’ Stock Orb, Koert van Mensvoort's Datafountain, Violet's Nabaztag, Jafarinami et al.'s Breakaway, Mynatt et al.'s Audio Aura and Digital Family Portrait, Mankoff et al.'s Daylight Display and BusMobile, and Natalie Jeremijenko's Dangling String. Applications such as these, that publish information in a non-intrusive or calm manner are Ambient Information Systems.
The 1st International Workshop on the Design and Evaluation of Ambient Information Systems was held in Toronto, Canada, on May 13th 2007, in conjunction with the 5th International Conference on Pervasive Computing. The goal of this workshop was to bring researchers together to discuss this domain of growing interest in both pervasive computing and human-computer interaction. This domain is described by mechanisms that are minimally attended and perceivable from outside the range of a person's direct attention, providing pre-attentive processing without being overly distracting. Developing new technologies such as these poses new and difficult challenges. These technologies display information outside of a person's direct attention, which is a space that is not currently well understood, making it difficult to evaluate their effectiveness. A great deal of care is required to design studies which accurately observe the effect of ambient devices, particularly since the test subjects are not meant to observe them directly. After all, how does one provide a subject with a device and say, "I want you to use this, but please do not think about it?" Our workshop sought to gather perspectives from researchers in the field on these and other problems. Eleven excellent submissions were accepted which describe works-in-progress, frameworks, taxonomies, methodologies, evaluation paradigms, and case studies, and are published here.